Creates a virtual machine by specifying a target host, a target datastore, and a network to connect to, and configures the settings for the virtual machine. Creates a virtual machine by specifying a cluster. Creates a virtual machine by specifying a cluster and explicitly selecting the host, instead of allowing auto-selection of a target host.
Creates a virtual machine by explicitly specifying the version of the virtual machine hardware through the Version parameter. Creates a virtual machine from the specified template and applies the specified customization specification. Retrieves the specified configuration file for the MyVM1 virtual machine and registers the MyVM1 virtual machine on the specified host. Creates a virtual machine on a datastore cluster. By default, the new virtual machine has an intra-VM affinity rule. The machine has three hard disks.
For the first two disks, intra-VM anti-affinity rule is specified and they will be placed on a datastore different from the datastore cluster. Identifying the hard disk in the Intra-VM anti-affinity happens by indexing the disks starting from 1. Creates a virtual machine on a datastore cluster and specifies a VM anti-affinity rule between the new virtual machine and an existing virtual machine.
A very simple PowerCLI script to gather VM creation dates
Clones a virtual machine on a datastore cluster and specifies an intra-VM anti-affinity rule by using references to the hard disks of the source virtual machine. When you apply this rule to the AdvancedOption parameter of New-VM, the first and second disk of the new virtual machine will be placed on different datastores within the specified datastore cluster.
Clones a virtual machine on a datastore cluster and specifies a VM anti-afffinity rule between the new virtual machine and an existing virtual machine. When you apply this rule to the AdvancedOption parameter of New-VM, the new virtual machine and the WindowsXP virtual machine will be placed on different datastores within the specified datastore cluster. Creates a virtual machine from a template, specifies a VM anti-affinity rule, and stores the virtual machine on a specified datastore cluster.
Creates a linked clone from the specified snapshot of the parent virtual machine. The linked clone is stored to the specified VM host and datastore. Creates a new virtual machine with the specified configuration and connects it to the specified distributed port group. Specifies the virtual machine template you want to use for the creation of the new virtual machine. Passing values to this parameter through a pipeline is deprecated and will be disabled in a future release. Specifies advanced options for creating virtual machines.
It is only applicable when creating a virtual machine or hard disk on a datastore cluster. An instance of the object is created by invoking its constructor.
For the first constructor, "diskIdentifier" can be either the disk key or the index of the disk in the disk array. The specified disks and the disk to which the rule is applied are placed in an anti-affinity rule on a DatastoreCluster. Only one such rule is supported per a virtual machine. It is only applicable when creating a virtual machine on a DatastoreCluster.
This will place the new virtual machine and the virtual machines specified in the constructor in an inter-VM anti-affinity rule on a DatastoreCluster. The SDRS functionality is experimental. Specifies the full OS name of the new virtual machine. Specifies the datastore where you want to place the new virtual machine.
If a DatastoreCluster is passed to the Datastore parameter, the virtual machine is placed in the DatastoreCluster in an automated SDRS mode and with enabled intra-VM affinity rule unless another rule is specified. These two rules are mutually exclusive.Read more posts by this author. In this PowerCLI tutorial, you're going to learn how to do just that. Before you we get too far, it's always important to ensure you and I are both on the same page. For this article, I'm going to be assuming that:.
I'll be using PowerCLI v I will be working from a Windows 10 workstation with Windows PowerShell 5. Before you dive into the virtual layer of our vSphere environment, it is a good idea to review the physical hardware layer. Since I am connected to a vCenter Server Appliance which is managing two separate ESXi hosts, I am provided with some basic information about the hosts being managed. The Get-VMHost allows you to review the hardware capabilities of your virtualization hosts.
But, by default, Get-VMHost doesn't return all the information it can. If you pipe the Get-VMHost cmdlet to Format-Listyou will get console output for all information about the given hosts.
Leveraging this more verbose output will provide an even greater view of the underlying hardware running your virtualized workloads. Some of the information, in particular, would be:.
Another common task in reviewing virtual hosts is reviewing which virtual machines are currently present on a given ESXi host.
The output above provides a full status list of currently running VMs on a given host. If you are ever troubleshooting an issue and need to know the number of virtual machines on a given host or have a need to use VMware PowerCLI to gather ESXi host information, you can use these cmdlets going forward.
The reporting functionality you have at your fingertips is starting to expand! For those of us charged with configuring or administering the virtual networks of a vCenter cluster, there is a full range of networking cmdlets for any use case. If you wish to see the virtual switches configured in your vSphere environment, you will use the following:.
Depending on the number of virtual networks and virtual switches you have, your resulting list may be quite large. In an Enterprise vSphere implementation where there are many ESXi hosts in a cluster, DSwitches simplify the deployment of virtual switches and port groups across a multitude of hosts with the same configuration.
This saves on the manual labor of creating identical network configurations on each host manually, and is a great way to scale your cluster! While attempting to narrow down the scope of an issue, you may wonder which VMs are connected to which networks. To figure that out, you can use the Get-VirtualPortGroup command. A port group is essentially a virtual network. To display all port groups, run Get-VirtualPortGroup without any parameters.
You should then see a listing of all virtual port groups present in your vSphere environment. To find all of the VMs inside of that port group DPortGroup in my caseyou can run the below script. In this one-liner, we are getting a list of all virtual machines that exist in this vCenter appliance, and then filtering with the Where-Object cmdlet to get only those VMs with a network name that matches our Port Group.
When asked to locate and analyze which VMs are connected to a particular network in VMware you will now be empowered to provide a PowerCLI reporting solution to this question. The bulk of administrative work inside of VMware is done at the virtual machine level. You're likely to receive countless requests for tasks like retrieving a list of all hard drive sizes on VMs or getting guest OS versions for all your servers among others.
These tasks are cumbersome at scale. PowerCLI is able to streamline these with a few important cmdlets to add to your arsenal.Moving an existing cluster in vSphere using PowerCLI
You might have then spent way too much time clicking around in vCenter looking for an answer. Take a look at the following script that pulls together VM information. This snippet uses the Get-View command which we will go into a bit later but for now, you should know that it is an advanced way to retrieve VMware object properties.
Running this in my environment yields the result below.December 08, Most of the times we have several requirement when we talk about IT environment like designingdeploymentcompliance check or for Security auditing the environment. Somewhere during security auditing we require to provide several information to security team to get successful audit.
One of them is the compliance of Virtual machine auditing of creation date and time. Here into this post we will explore how to get the creation date and time of virtual machine hosted into the vCenter or ESXi.
To get the details we will use VMware Powercli to extract the details. By default there is no function added into Powercli to get such details, so here we will add a function of vm creation date. Below is the function which needed to be copy and paste into the Powercli. Progress bar:. Now connect to vCenter server by using Connect-VI server command. Popular posts from this blog. May 23, Now the option left is from the command line of VCSA appliance.
If you are using self-signed certificate, you can regenerate the certificate with the help of below KB article. Happy Sharin…. Read more. November 15, Recently I got a case where vCenter 6. Issue occur when the customer was performing migration activity of virtual machine. We verified that the vpxd services of vCenter, which is VCSA Appliancewent into stopped stated just after starting means its crashing.
On VCSA Shell: service-control --status vmware-vpxd shows "stopped" service-control --start vmware-vpxd starts the service starts for a couple of seconds and stops again VCSA 6. Verified the services of PSC and found all looks into good state.Select - First 1.
We're looking to gather this same information for a set of VMs we get in a report daily that changes. I'm hoping that our 'scripting guy' can add your code to the existing script, targeting only the VMs it's reporting on and add the information in additional columns. If he cannot get it to work, I'll be creating a thread of my own asking for some assistance.
My guess would be that the script is unable to connect to your vCenter server. Assuming you filled in your vCenter server in line 2, the script will attempt to log in with your current Windows credentials. If you need to log in with another account you could modify line 12 to something like this….
The Vms are windows based. Can you please help me with a script. I have changed the connection statement successfully, bat… no result.
The console prints are:. Name Port User —- —- —- wafivm5. Matt — thank you for your quick reply. I ended up running the script in two parts and it works great! Thank you very much!! All the best.
Matti ran the script, ran without any errors however it only wrote the info about just one VM last vm on the list of output on the screen to the csv file. Matt, Thank you for your quick response. That was it, i missed the two curly brackets at the end,when i copied the script. Any Idea why that might be. Matt, Yes, the vcenter was upgraded from 5. Thanks again for the script and quick replies. Hey Matt, Good script… is there any way to add in a date range… so… I would like to pull this once a month and only see the last say X amount of days…Thx.
CreatedTime -ge get-date. AddDays Adjust to whatever number of days you want to go back. Thx Bud… I will give this a bash and let you know… thanks for taking the time to help! Hey Matt… sorry for the delay… tested this and it works a peach, THX!!!! Hello Matt, the script worked great!!! Thanks for it. However can you help how we can pull the info for a certain cluster alone.
Pulling up the entire vCenter VM info is taking time, instead if can limit it for the cluster that I need, will be better. Hello Matt I executed the script but it is capturing multiple entries for a single VM. What could be the reason? Kindly assist. The most common reason for this is if the VM was restored from a backup as this would cause multiple event entries in vCenter.
Thanks for the explaination Matt. Can you share any script that provides the resource utilization CPU, Storage consumptionmemory utilization please.
Thanks Matt, this works great!! What would be the easiest way to add the guest OS version to this script? Hi Matt, I need a script that will poll VMs in vcenter for a particular file. I have around VMs in my vcenter but this file is present only in database VMs. Inside the loop run test-path against each.I was asked whilst on a customer site to work out who had created a VM, this is a common question in most environments where admin rights are the normal and creating a VM is as easy as creating a new word document.
After trawling through the logs for a couple of minutes I found the creator and told the customer, easy enough I guess but how could we make this easier? With a quick script and resolving the user account in AD, I was able to add a custom field to each VM letting me know who created the VM and when it was created, all displayed in the annotations of each VM as seen below:. Not sure if my PowerCLI is broken, running v6. A workaround is to change to use Set-Annotation instead.
You have to use a script to find out who built a VM?? Why was VMWare too lazy to develop an option of putting that in the logs. This is something that should be in the Event Logs. This should not require using a Powershell script. What type of crap is this?? Unprofessional garbage…. This script rocks my only issue seems to be its only pulling data that is extremely recent, meaning today. Is there a newer version of this that uses tags instead of custom attributes? Custom Fields are not the recommended way to do things these days.
Here is a version of the script using Tags. The script stores only who created the VM not when. If you need the full name of the user you can easily do it with the Active Directory Module.
Uncomment the next line to test this script and tell you what it would do! Is there an updated script for 5. This data is coming from vCenter right? That should give me a fairly close time to when the VM was first created. I need to pull out all this list of virtual machines, to include their OS type, names, Ipaddress, cpu, memory.
Just like all the information we see on a virtual machine summary.
Who created these VM snapshots???
If you deploy machines from templates then it just seems to return unknown, uknown for the creation user and date? Really good script and it running perfectly. Very nice one. Is it possible to restrict the script so only a particular VM is being queried? For instance, we are trying to find out when one single VM is being created but we need to avoid that the annotation of s of VMs is being modified … Would.
Hi, 1st, thanx for your script it help me a lot. Very interested to know who did what in our server cluster, but not interested in VDI cluster for exmample. I did a find and only found it in line 3. Otherwise, how could it prevent something being written or created? Many thanks for the script!
In my production environment, against either of 2 vCentres, c. Encountered end of line while processing a string token. You can add in some write statements to see which is the cause. Why would I see a lot of Unknowns? Is every single event for a vm stored forever? Or is it possible that they are only kept for months and then deleted?I am sure you have been in a situation where there are a lot of old, unidentifiable virtual machine snapshots and no one takes responsibility for creating them.
Depending on vCenter Event database retention policy, the username might not be available — the Create VM snapshot event has already been purged. Snapshot 'pre Snapshot 'pre 5.
Snapshot 'pre-fix' created on 02 August This event is not in vCenter events database. Great scriptany way to make it ignore snapshots created by a certain user — eg veeamcitrix etc? You run this script in Powershell. Thanks Mark for the replyI am new to PowerShell ,I have it installed on my systemif possiblekindly give me the command to run the script. I used a piece of this code in a Snap Report script which I run daily so we could see who actually took the snap.
Any idea of why this would no longer be getting reported? AddMinutes 1 -MaxSamples Thanks for that. I posted this same question to another board and they recommended playing with the AddSeconds setting in positive and negative direction. It was working sometimes and other times not.
The AddMinutes 1 seems to give me more consistent results. This seems to work well now though. Thanks for the help! VM: TestVM. Is there a way to retrieve the snapshot creator information even if it does not exist in vcenter event database?
Thanks to Mark for the starting script.
PowerCLI Tutorial: A Guide for Newbies Managing VMware
In my environment snapshot run and remove any time so… The vievent not showing correct name of user on the bases be created snapshot query … Is there any way so I can Match by snapshot name and get name. Since I was having trouble getting it to record the output to txt, just thought I would leave this here to maybe save someone else some time:.
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Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Email Address. Comments Posts. Recent Posts. Recent Comments. Who created these VM snapshots??? This event is not in vCenter events database Hope this will help. Rob L. Mark Strong.